Q: Where do penguins make their homes?
SW: Their population is as diverse as the number of species, ranging from coastal areas and islands on or near every continent in the Southern Hemisphere, both in cold and warm habitats.
Q: Are they endangered?
SW: It depends on the species, but many are facing growing survival risks. The Galápagos, yellow-eyed, northern rockhopper, African and erect-crested penguins have all made “endangered” lists. Macaroni, Royal, Snares, Humboldt, Fiordland and southern rockhopper penguins are listed as “vulnerable” by the IUCN.
Q: What do they eat?
SW: Penguins dine on a diet of shrimp-like crustaceans called krill, as well as fishes and squids.
Q: How big do they get?
SW: The emperor penguin is the largest of all living penguins, standing at 1.1 m (3.7 ft.) tall. The smallest of the penguins is the little penguin, standing at just 41 cm (16 in.) tall.