Fun History for Kids
Fun California History for Kids
The famous California Gold Rush sparked the biggest mass migration in the history of the world. Between 1848 and 1852, just four short years, California's population grew from 14,000 to 223,000. The gold-seekers, called forty-niners,” came from the eastern US as well as Latin America, Europe, Australia and China.
The Pony Express ran from St. Joseph, Missouri to Sacramento, California. The first mail delivered took 10 1/2 days, cutting the Overland Stage time via the southern route by more than half. The fastest delivery was in March 1861, when President Abraham Lincoln's inaugural address was carried in 7 days and 17 hours. Those were some fast horses!
For a part of California history you’ll want to visit – but not stay – there’s Alcatraz, otherwise known as “the Rock.” Once one of the most infamous of federal prisons, the doors were locked for good in 1963 after 29 years and 14 escape attempts – not one of them successful.
Reopened in 1973, the Rock has become one of the most popular National Park Service sites, with more than a million visitors from around the world every year.